Volume 6A: The Early Twentieth Century

Publication Date: May 1, 2008
7.75 x 9.25 • paper • 756 pp
ISBN: 978-1-55111-923-6

US & CDN $32.95

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“[The Twentieth Century and Beyond] is better [than the competition] on cultural and social contexts, in its introductions, in its number and quality of images and in the choices of texts beyond the classic ones. … Overall, the Broadview Anthology is an immensely attractive one—adventurous and very wide ranging.” – Enda Duffy, University of California, Santa Barbara

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
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Note: The online component of the anthology offers a substantial number of additional readings, edited to the same standards as the bound book. Online readings appear in the indented sections below; to download these readings, please follow the hyperlinks to the BABL online resources site and log in using your passcode.

Preface

Acknowledgments

INTRODUCTION TO THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY: FROM 1900 TO MID-CENTURY
The Edwardian Period
The World Wars
Marx, Einstein, Freud, and Modernism
The Place of Women
Avant-Garde and Mass Culture
Sexual Orientation
Ireland
Ideology and Economics in the 1930s and 1940s
The Literature of the 1930s and 1940s
Literature and Empire
The English Language in the Early Twentieth Century

History of the Language and of Print Culture

THOMAS HARDY
Hap
Neutral Tones
The Darkling Thrush
The Ruined Maid
A Broken Appointment
Shut Out That Moon
The Convergence of the Twain
Channel Firing
The Voice
Transformations
In Time of “The Breaking of Nations”
The Photograph
During Wind and Rain
The Oxen
Going and Staying
In Context: Hardy’s Reflections on the Writing of Poetry

ALICE MEYNELL  (readings available on online resources site)
A Father of Women
The Threshing Machine
Reflections: (1) In Ireland
Reflections: (2) In Othello
Reflections: (3) In Two Poets

BERNARD SHAW
Mrs. Warren’s Profession

In Context: Shaw’s Prefaces  (readings available on online resources site)
from “Preface” to Plays Unpleasant
from “Preface” to Mrs Warren’s Profession
In Context:
The Profession of Prostitution (readings available on online resources site)
from William Acton, “Prostitution Considered in its Moral, Social, and Sanitary Aspects,” in London and Other Large Cities
Selected Illustrations

JOSEPH CONRAD*
An Outpost of Progress
“Preface” to The Nigger of the “Narcissus” 
The Secret Sharer
from “Some Reflections on the Loss of the Titanic”
*Combine Heart of Darkness (or any one of over 300 titles) with the anthology in a shrink-wrapped package at no extra charge.

In Context: “The Vilest Scramble for Loot” in Central Africa
from William G. Stairs, Diaries
from Henry Morgan Stanley, “Speech Given to the Lotus Club, New York”
from Henry Morgan Stanley, In Darkest Africa
from Joseph Chamberlain, “Speech to the House of Commons” (6 August 1901)
from Roger Casement, Congo Report

          In Context: Conrad As Seen By His Contemporaries  (reading available on online resources site)
In Context: Miscommunication at Sea  (reading available on online resources site)
from Joseph Conrad, The Mirror of the Sea: Memories and ImpressionsA.E. HOUSMAN
Loveliest of Trees
To an Athlete Dying Young
Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff
The Chestnut Casts His Flambeaux
Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries

EDWARD THOMAS
Tears
The Owl
Rain

SIEGFRIED SASSOON
They
Glory of Women
Everyone Sang
from Memoirs of an Infantry Officer

RUPERT BROOKE
Clouds
The Dead
The Soldier

The Great Lover (reading available on online resources site)

ISAAC ROSENBERG
Break of Day in the Trenches
Dead Man’s Dump (In some versions of the poem “Dead Man’s Dump”–including the version found in the bound-book portion of this anthology–lines 48-54 are omitted. The version provided on the online resources site restores these lines.)
Louse Hunting
Returning, We Hear the Larks

WILFRED OWEN
Arms and the Boy
Dulce et Decorum Est
Anthem for Doomed Youth
Strange Meeting
Futility
Letters
To Susan Owen, 7 January 1917
To Susan Owen, 10 January 1917
To Susan Owen, 16 January 1917
To Colin Owen, 2 March 1917
To Susan Owen, [?16] May 1917
To Susan Owen, 18 May 1917
To Susan Owen, 23 May 1917
To Susan Owen, 22 August 1917
To Tom Owen, 26 August 1917
To Mary Owen, 29 August 1917
To Susan Owen, 4 (or 6) October 1918
To Susan Owen, 8 October 1918
To Susan Owen, 29 October 1918
To Susan Owen, 31 October 1918

CONTEXTS: WAR AND REVOLUTION
from Anonymous, “Introduction” to Songs and Sonnets for England in War Time

“In Flanders Fields”: The Poem, and Some Responses
John McCrae, “In Flanders Fields”
John Mitchell, “Reply to In Flanders Fields”
J.A. Armstrong, “Another Reply to In Flanders Fields”
Elizabeth Daryush, “Flanders Fields”

Anonymous, “I Learned to Wash in Shell-Holes”
J.P. Long and Maurice Scott, “Oh! It’s a Lovely War”

Jessie Pope, Selected Poems and Prose  (reading available on online resources site)

from Rebecca West, “The Cordite Makers”
from Francis Marion Beynon, Aleta Day, from Chapter 24, War
Ivor Gurney, “To His Love”
Vance Palmer, “The Farmer Remembers the Somme”
from Robert Graves, Goodbye to All That, from Chapter 17
from May Wedderburn Cannan, Grey Ghosts and Voices
from “Proceedings” of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers’, Soldiers’, and Peasants’ Deputies

WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS
The Lake Isle of Innisfree
When You Are Old
Who Goes with Fergus?
Adam’s Curse
No Second Troy
Easter 1916
The Wild Swans at Coole
In Memory of Major Robert Gregory
Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen
A Prayer for My Daughter
An Irish Airman Foresees his Death
The Second Coming
Meditations in Time of Civil War
Leda and the Swan
Among School Children
Sailing to Byzantium
The Tower
A Dialogue of Self and Soul
Byzantium
For Anne Gregory
Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop
Lapis Lazuli
The Circus Animals’ Desertion
Under Ben Bulben
In Context: Yeats on Poetic Inspiration
from “The Symbolism of Poetry”
from “Four Years”
from “Introduction” to A Vision
In Context: The Struggle for Irish Independence
Poblacht na h-Eireann: Proclamation of the Irish Republic
Padraic Pearse, “Statement”

H.G. WELLS  (readings available on online resources site)
The New Accelerator
The Star
In Context:
Wells’s Non-Fiction
fromH.G. Wells, The Extinction of Man: Some Speculative Suggestions

SAKI (H.H. MUNRO)  (reading available on online resources site)
Tobermory

DOROTHY RICHARDSON
About Punctuation
Journey to Paradise
“Foreword” to Pilgrimage

ROBERT SERVICE  (reading available on online resources site)
The Cremation of Sam McGee

E.M. FORSTER

The Machine Stops (reading available on online resources site)

The Road from Colonus
from “What I Believe”

P.G. WODEHOUSE
Honeysuckle Cottage

VIRGINIA WOOLF
The Mark on the Wall
Blue & Green
Kew Gardens
Mrs. Dalloway in Bond Street
Modern Fiction
A Room of One’s Own
from “A Sketch of the Past”
In Context: Woolf and Bloomsbury
In Context: Woolf as Writer
from Virginia Woolf, A Writer’s Diary
from E.M. Forster, “Review of ‘Kew Gardens'”
from unsigned “Review of ‘Kew Gardens'”
from W.L. Courtney, “Review of Jacob’s Room

from Three Guineas (reading available on online resources site)

CONTEXTS: GENDER AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION
from Edward Carpenter, Love’s Coming of Age: “The Intermediate Sex”
from Havelock Ellis, Sexual Inversion
from Chapter 3, Sexual Inversion in Men
from Chapter 4, Sexual Inversion in Women
from Chapter 5, The Nature of Sexual Inversion
from Grant Allen, “Woman’s Place in Nature”
from Cicely Hamilton, Marriage as a Trade

Female Suffrage:
Anonymous, [“There Was a Small Woman Called G”]
from Emmeline Pankhurst, My Own Story

from Marie Stopes, Married Love
from Virginia Woolf, Orlando
from George Orwell, “Boys’ Weeklies”
from Frank Richard, “Frank Richard Replies to George Orwell”
from Robert Roberts, The Classic Slum
from E.M. Forster, “Terminal Note” to Maurice
from Virginia Woolf, “Old Bloomsbury”

JAMES JOYCE
Eveline
Araby
The Dead

Ivy Day in the Committee Room  (reading available on online resources site)
A  Little Cloud 
(reading available on online resources site)
The Boarding House 
(reading available on online resources site)

from Ulysses
Chapter 13, Nausicaa
In Context: Joyce’s Dublin
In Context: Beckett and Joyce
from Samuel Beckett, “Dante…Bruno. Vico…Joyce”

D.H. LAWRENCE
Tortoise Shout
Snake
Bavarian Gentians
The Prussian Officer
Odour of Chrysanthemums
The Hopi Snake Dance
Why the Novel Matters

CONTEXTS: WORK AND WORKING-CLASS LIFE
from George Orwell, The Road to Wigan Pier
from “A Debate Between G.B. Shaw and G.K. Chesterton, Chaired by Hilaire Belloc”
from Robert Roberts, The Classic Slum

KATHERINE MANSFIELD
Bliss
The Garden Party
Miss Brill

Daughters of the Late Colonel  (reading available on online resources site)

T.S. ELIOT
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Preludes
Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar
Gerontion
The Waste Land
Journey of the Magi
Marina
Burnt Norton
Tradition and the Individual Talent
The Metaphysical Poets
In Context: T.S. Eliot and Anti-Semitism

CONTEXTS: ELIOT, POUND, AND THE VORTEX OF MODERNISM
from Jules Huret, “Interview with Stephane Mallarme,” L’Echo de Paris
Imagist and Futurist Poetry: A Sampling
T.E. Hulme, “Autumn”
Ezra Pound, “In a Station of the Metro,” “Alba,” “L’Art, 1910”
H.D., “Oread,” “The Pool”
Mina Loy, from “Three Moments in Paris: 1. One O’Clock at Night,” from “Love Songs”
Imagism and Vorticism
from F.S. Flint, “Imagisme,” Poetry Magazine
from Ezra Pound, “A Few Don’ts By an Imagiste,” Poetry
from Ezra Pound, “Vorticism,” Gaudier-Brzeska
from Virginia Woolf, “Character in Fiction”
Reactions to the Poems of T.S. Eliot
from Arthur Waugh, “The New Poetry,” Quarterly Review
from Ezra Pound, “Drunken Helots and Mr. Eliot,” The Egoist
from unsigned “Review,” Literary World
from unsigned “Review,” New Statesman
from Conrad Aiken, “Diverse Realists,” Dial
from May Sinclair, “Prufrock and Other Observations: A Criticism,” Little Review
from “Review of the First Issue of The Criterion,” The Times Literary Supplement
from Gilbert Seldes, “Review,” The Nation
from I.A. Richards, Principles of Literary Criticism
from Douglas LePan, “Personality of the Poet: Some Recollections of T.S. Eliot”

HUGH MacDIARMID (readings available on online resources site)
Another Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries
In the Children’s Hospital
from In Memoriam James Joyce, “We Must Look at the Harebell”

JEAN RHYS
Let them Call It Jazz

DAVID JONES
from In Parenthesis
from “Preface”
from Part 7, The Five Unmistakable Marks

from The Sleeping Lord (reading available on online resources site)

ROBERT GRAVES
The Cool Web
Down, Wanton, Down!
Recalling War

NANCY CUNARD
from Jamaica: The Negro Island
from The White Man’s Duty
from “Preface”

ELIZABETH BOWEN

The Demon Lover (reading available on online resources site)

Oh, Madam…

STEVIE SMITH
Mother, Among the Dustbins
The River God
Not Waving but Drowning
The New Age
Away, Melancholy
The Blue from Heaven
Pretty

GEORGE ORWELL
from Homage to Catalonia
Politics and the English Language
Shooting an Elephant
In Context: Elephants in Asia

SAMUEL BECKETT
Whoroscope
from Texts for Nothing
The Calmative
Imagination Dead Imagine
Krapp’s Last Tape

W.H. AUDEN
[O what is that sound]
[At last the secret is out]
[Funeral Blues]
Spain 1937
[Lullaby]
[As I walked out one evening]
Musee des Beaux Arts
In Memory of W.B. Yeats
September 1, 1939
from The Sea and the Mirror [Song of the Master and Boatswain]
The Shield of Achilles
“The Truest Poetry is the Most Feigning”
In Context: Auden on the Nature and Craft of Poetry
from Writing

CONTEXTS: WORLD WAR II
Winston Churchill, Speeches to the House of Commons
from “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat” (13 May 1940)
from “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” (4 June 1940)
from “Their Finest Hour” (18 June 1940)
Harold Nicholson, from The War Years: 1939-1945
Charles Ritchie, from The Siren Years
Ross Parker and Hughie Charles, “We’ll Meet Again”
Nat Burton and Walter Kent, “The White Cliffs of Dover”

Anonymous, Fucking Tobruk  (reading available on online resources site)

from John Lehmann, “Foreword” to The Penguin New Writing
David Campbell, “Men in Green”
Keith Douglas, “Vergissmeinnicht”
from Henry Reed, Lessons of War: 1. Naming of Parts
Douglas LePan
“Below Monte Cassino”
“The Haystack”
Life at Home
Anti-Semitism and World War II
from Ezra Pound, “Speech to the English”
from George Orwell, “Anti-Semitism in Britain”
from Rebecca West, “Greenhouse with Cyclamens”
from Bernard Shaw, “The Unavoidable Subject”

APPENDICES

Reading Poetry

Maps

Monarchs and Prime Ministers of Great Britain

Glossary of Terms

Permissions Acknowledgments

Index of First Lines

Index of Authors and Titles