Table of Contents: Volume 4, 2/e

NOTE: The online component of the anthology offers a substantial number of additional readings, edited to the same standards as the bound book. Online readings appear in the indented sections below; to download these readings, please follow the hyperlinks to the BABL online resources site and log in using your passcode.




    • Political Parties and Royal Allegiances
      Imperial Expansion
      The Romantic Mind and Its Literary Productions
      The Business of Literature
      A Changing Language
    • from Common Sense
      • Of the Origin and Design of Government in General. With Concise Remarks on the English Constitution
        Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession
        Thoughts of the Present State of American Affairs
    • from The Rights of Man, Part 2
      • Introduction
        from Chapter 3: Of the Old and New Systems of Government
    • Summer Evening’s Meditation
      The Groans of the Tankard
      To the Poor
      Washing Day
      Eighteen Hundred and Eleven, A Poem
      On the Death of the Princess Charlotte
      To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible
      The Rights of Woman
      The Baby-House
      The First Fire, October 1st, 1815
      The Caterpillar
    • A Hymn to Narayena
    • from Elegiac Sonnets
      • 1 (“The partial Muse, has from my earliest hours”)
        2 Written at the Close of Spring
        11 To Sleep
        39 To Night
        44 Written in the Church-yard at Middleton in Sussex
        59 Written September 1791
        70 On being cautioned against walking on an headland overlooking the sea
        74 The Winter Night
        84 To the Muse
    • Beachy Head
    • from Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
      from Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
      from Richard Price, A Discourse on the Love of Our Country
      Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Letter to Charles Heath (29 August 1794)
      Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Pantisocracy”
      Robert Southey, “On the Prospect of Establishing a Pantisocracy in America”
      from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Once a Jacobin Always a Jacobin”
      Thomas Spence, “The Rights of Man for Me: A Song”
      from George Walker, The Vagabond
      • from The Preface
    • from Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne, Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte
      • from Chapter 18: 1799
        from Chapter 22: 1799
        from Chapter 28: 1800
    • from Barry Edmund O’Meara, Letter to Sir Hudson Lowe (28 January 1817)
      from Madame (Germaine) de Staël, Considerations of the Principal Events of the French Revolution
      • from Chapter 4: The Advance of Bonaparte’s Absolute Power
        from Chapter 8: On Exile
        from Chapter 13: Bonaparte’s Return
        from Chapter 19: Intoxication of Power; Bonaparte’s Reverses and Abdication
    • from The Corsican: A Diary of Napoleon’s Life in His Own Words
      Percy Bysshe Shelley, “Feelings of a Republican on the Fall of Bonaparte”
      from Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Hallam’s Constitutional History”
    • from Songs of Innocence and of Experience
      • from Songs of Innocence
        • Introduction
          The Ecchoing Green
          The Lamb
          The Little Black Boy
          The Chimney Sweeper
          The Divine Image
          Holy Thursday
          Infant Joy
          Nurse’s Song
    • IN CONTEXT: Charles Lamb, The Praise of Chimney-Sweepers (
      • from Songs of Experience
        • Introduction
          The Clod & the Pebble
          Holy Thursday
          The Chimney Sweeper
          The Sick Rose
          The Fly
          The Tyger
          Ah! Sun-Flower
          The Garden of Love
          The Human Abstract
          Infant Sorrow
          A Poison Tree
    • The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
      A Song of Liberty
      America (
      IN CONTEXT: “A Most Extraordinary Man”
      • from Charles Lamb, Letter to Bernard Barton, 15 May 1824
        from John Thomas Smith, Nollekens and His Times
    • January, 1795
      from Sappho and Phaon
      • Sonnet 4 (“Why, when I gaze on Phaon’s beauteous eyes”)
        Sonnet 12 (“Now, o’er the tessellated pavement strew”)
        Sonnet 18 (“Why art thou chang’d? O Phaon! tell me why?”)
        Sonnet 30 (“O’er the tall cliff that bounds the billowy main”)
        Sonnet 37 (“When, in the gloomy mansion of the dead”)
    • The Haunted Beach
      All Alone
      London’s Summer Morning
      from A Letter to the Women of England
    • from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
      • Introduction
        Chapter 2: The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed
        from Chapter 3: The Same Subject Continued
    • IN CONTEXT: Contemporary Reviews of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
      • from The Analytical Review 12 (1792)
        from The Critical Review 4 (1792)
    • from Maria; or The Wrongs of Woman
      • Chapter 5
    • from William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, from Book 1, Chapter 15: Of Husband and Wife
      from Catharine Macaulay, Letters on Education
      • from Letter 21: Morals Must Be Taught on Immutable Principles
        from Letter 22: No Characteristic Difference in Sex
    • from Olympe de Gouges, The Rights of Woman
      from Maria Edgeworth and Richard Lovell Edgeworth, Practical Education, Prudence and Economy
      from Priscilla Wakefield, Reflections on the Present Condition of the Female Sex; With Suggestions for Its Improvement
      • from Chapter 3
        from Chapter 6
    • from Richard Polwhele, “The Unsexed Females: A Poem, Addressed to the Author of The Pursuits of Literature
      from Hannah More, Strictures on the Modern System of Female Education
      • from Volume 1, Chapter 4: Comparison of the Mode of Female Education in the Last Age with the Present Age
        from Volume 1, Chapter 6: On the Early Forming of Habits. On the Necessity of Forming the Judgment to Direct Those Habits
    • from William Thompson and Anna Wheeler, Appeal of One Half the Human Race, Women, Against the Pretensions of the Other Half, Men, to Retain Them in Political, and Thence in Civil and Domestic Slavery
      • from Introductory Letter to Mrs. Wheeler
        from Part 2
    • To a Mouse, On Turning Her Up in Her Nest with the Plough
      The Fornicator
      Address to the De’il
      Flow gently, sweet Afton
      Ae Fond Kiss
      Robert Bruce’s March to Bannockburn
      A Man’s a Man for A’ That
      Comin’ thro’ the Rye
      A Red, Red Rose
      Auld Lang Syne
      Love and Liberty. A Cantata
    • Ellenore
    • The Expedition to Hell
      The Brownie of the Black Haggs
    • from Lyrical Ballads, 1798
      • Advertisement
        We Are Seven
        Lines Written in Early Spring
        The Thorn
        Expostulation and Reply
        The Tables Turned
        Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey
    • from Lyrical Ballads, 1800, 1802
      • Preface
        [There was a Boy]
        [Strange fits of passion I have known]
        Song [She dwelt among th’untrodden ways]
        [A slumber did my spirit seal]
        Lucy Gray
        Michael, A Pastoral Poem
        [I griev’d for Buonaparté]
    • Ode to Duty
      Resolution and Independence
      Composed upon Westminster Bridge
      [The world is too much with us]
      [It is a beauteous Evening]
      London, 1802
      The Solitary Reaper
      [My heart leaps up]
      IN CONTEXT: “I wandered lonely as a Cloud”: Stages in the Life of a Poem
      • from Dorothy Wordsworth, Grasmere Journal (Thursday, 15 April 1802)
        [I wandered lonely as a Cloud] 1807
        [I wandered lonely as a Cloud] facsimile
        [I wandered lonely as a Cloud] transcription
        [I wandered lonely as a Cloud] 1815
    • Elegiac Stanzas
      Ode [Intimations of Immortality]
      from The Excursion
      • [The Ruined Cottage]
    • Surprised by Joy
      Steamboats, Viaducts, and Railways
      IN CONTEXT: Visual Depictions of “Man’s Art”
      The Prelude
      • The Two-Part Prelude of 1799
        • First Part
          Second Part
      • from The Fourteen-Book Prelude
        • from Book First: Introduction, Childhood, and School-Time
          from Book Fifth: Books
          from Book Sixth: Cambridge, and the Alps
          from Book Thirteenth: Subject Concluded
          from Book Fourteenth: Conclusion
    • from Daniel Isaac Eaton, The Pernicious Effects of the Art of Printing upon Society, Exposed
      Thomas Spence, “Examples of Safe Printing,” from Pig’s Meat, Volume 2
      Joshua, “Sonnet: The Lion,” from Moral and Political Magazine, Volume 1
      from Anonymous, “On the Characteristics of Poetry,” No. 2, from the Monthly Magazine
      from Anonymous, Letter to the Monthly Magazine (24 October 1798)
      from Samuel Pratt, Gleanings in England: Descriptive of the Countenance, Mind, and Character of the Country
      from Hannah More, Strictures on the Modern System of Female Education, from Chapter 8: “On Female Study”
      from Charles and Mary Lamb, “Preface,” Tales from Shakespeare
      from an Advertisement in The Times for Thomas Bowdler’s The Family Shakespeare
      Anna Laetitia Barbauld, “On the Origin and Progress of Novel-Writing”
      from Isaac D’Israeli, The Case of Authors Stated, Including the History of Literary Property
      William Hazlitt, “A Review of The St. James Chronicle, The Morning Chronicle, The Times, The New Times, The Courier, &c., Cobbett’s Weekly Journal, The Examiner, The Observer, The Gentleman’s Magazine, The New Monthly Magazine, The London, &c. &c.,” from The Edinburgh Review
      from John Stuart Mill, “The Present State of Literature”
      Copyright and the Growth of “a Reading Age”
      • from Copyright Act of 1709 (the Statute of Anne)
        from Millar v. Taylor (1769)
        from Hinton v. Donaldson (Scotland, 1773); Donaldson v. Beckett (England, 1774)
        from Catharine Macaulay, A Modest Plea for the Property of Copyright
        from Robert Southey, “Inquiries Concerning the Proposed Alteration of the Laws of Copyright, as It Affects Authors and the Universities,” Quarterly Review (January 1819)
        from Thomas Babington Macaulay, Speech to House of Commons (5 February 1841)
    • The Eve of St. John
      Glenfinlas; or Lord Ronald’s Coronach
      from Thomas the Rhymer
      Proud Maisie
      IN CONTEXT: Sir Walter Scott and The Keepsake for 1829
      • My Aunt Margaret’s Mirror
    • from The Grasmere Journal
      Grasmere—A Fragment
      Thoughts on My Sick-Bed
    • The Eolian Harp
      Fears in Solitude
      Frost at Midnight
      from The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere, in Seven Parts
      The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. In Seven Parts
      IN CONTEXT: The Origin of “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”
      • from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Biographia Literaria, Chapter 14
        from A Letter from the Rev. Alexander Dyce to Hartley Coleridge
    • This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison
      Dejection: An Ode
      Work Without Hope
      Kubla Khan, Or, A Vision in a Dream. A Fragment
      On Donne’s Poetry
      from Lectures and Notes On Literature
      • [Definition of Poetry]
        from Notes on Lear
        from [On the English Language]
        [Mechanic Vs. Organic Form]
    • from Biographia Literaria; or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions
      • from Chapter 1
        • Reception of the Author’s First Publication
          The Effect of Contemporary Writers on Youthful Minds
          Bowles’s Sonnets
      • from Chapter 4
        • Mr. Wordsworth’s Earlier Poems
      • from Chapter 11
        • An affectionate exortation to those who in early life feel themselves disposed to become authors
      • from Chapter 13
        • On the Imagination, or Esemplastic Power
      • Chapter 14
        • Occasion of the Lyrical Ballads
      • from Chapter 17
        • Examination of the Tenets Peculiar to Mr. Wordsworth
    • from Table Talk
      • [On Various Shakespearean Characters]
        [The Ancient Mariner]
        [On Borrowing]
        [On Metre]
        [On Women]
        [On Corrupt Language]
        [On Milton]
        [The Three Most Perfect Plots]
    • from Sir William Jones, “A Discourse on the Institution of a Society for Inquiring into the History, Civil and Natural, the Antiquities, Arts, Sciences and Literature of Asia”
      Edmund Burke and the Impeachment of Warren Hastings
      • from Edmund Burke, Speech on the Impeachment of Warren Hastings
        from Warren Hastings, Address in His Defence
    • from Elizabeth Hamilton, Translations of the Letters of a Hindoo Rajah
      from Anonymous, “Review of Translations of the Letters of a Hindoo Rajah,”
      • from The Analytical Review
    • Tipu Sultan and the British
      • from Letter from Tipu Sultan to the Governor General
        from Declaration of the Right Honourable the Governor-General-in-Council
    • from Mary Robinson, “The Lascar”
      from Thomas Macaulay, Minute on Indian Education
      Roger Fenton, Orientalist Studies
      from Col. Henry Yule and A.C. Burnell, Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical, and Discursive
    • from Psyche; or The Legend of Love
      • Sonnet Addressed to My Mother
        Canto 1
        from Canto 2
    • Lady Susan
      from Pride and Prejudice
      • Chapter 1
        Chapter 2
        Chapter 3
        Chapter 4
    • IN CONTEXT: Austen’s Letters
    • The Anaconda
      The Captive
    • from The Spirit of the Age; or Contemporary Portraits
      • Mr. Coleridge
        Mr. Wordsworth
    • The History of Mary Prince, A West Indian Slave, Related by Herself
      IN CONTEXT: Mary Prince and Slavery
      • Mary Prince’s Petition Presented to Parliament on 24 June 1829
        from Thomas Pringle, Supplement to The History of Mary Prince
        from The Narrative of Ashton Warner
    • from John Newton, A Slave Trader’s Journal
      from Quobna Ottobah Cugoano, Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked
      Traffic of the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species

      from Alexander Falconbridge, Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa
      William Cowper, “Sweet Meat Has Sour Sauce” or, The Slave-Trader in the
      from William Wilberforce, “Speech to the House of Commons,” 13 May 1789
      Proponents of Slavery
      • from Rev. Robert Boncher Nicholls, Observations, Occasioned by the Attempts
        Made in England to Effect the Abolition of the Slave Trade

        from Anonymous, Thoughts on the Slavery of Negroes, as It Affects the British
        Colonies in the West Indies: Humbly Submitted to the Consideration of Both
        Houses of Parliament

        from Gordon Turnbull, An Apology of Negro Slavery; or, the West India Planters
        Vindicated from the Charge of Inhumanity
    • from Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Men
      Anna Laetitia Barbauld, “Epistle to William Wilberforce, Esq., on the Rejection
      of the Bill for Abolishing the Slave Trade”
      William Blake, Images of Slavery
      from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, On the Slave Trade
      from William Earle, Obi; or, the History of Three-Fingered Jack
      Mary Robinson, Poems on Slavery
      • “The African”
        “The Negro Girl”
    • from Dorothy Wordsworth, The Grasmere Journal
      from Thomas Clarkson, The History of the Rise, Progress and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave Trade
      from Matthew Gregory Lewis, Journal of A West India Proprietor
    • Sun of the Sleepless
      She walks in beauty
      When we two parted
      Stanzas for Music
      from Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (
      • Canto the Third
        from Canto the Fourth
    • Darkness
      So, we’ll go no more a roving
      When a man hath no freedom to fight for at home
      January 22nd 1842. Missolonghi
      Epistle to Augusta
      from Don Juan
      • Dedication
        Canto 1
        Canto 2
        from Canto 3
        from Canto 7
        from Canto 11
    • IN CONTEXT: Don Juan
      • “Remarks on Don Juan,” from Blackwood’s Magazine
    • Selected Letters
      • from a letter To Francis Hodgson
        To Lady Byron
        To Augusta Leigh
        To Douglas Kinnaird
        from a letter To John Murray
    • IN CONTEXT: The Byronic Hero (
      • from Eastern Tales
    • To Wordsworth
      Alastor; or, The Spirit of Solitude
      Mont Blanc. Lines Written in the Vale of Chamouni
      Hymn to Intellectual Beauty
      Ode to the West Wind
      The Cloud
      To a Skylark
      from Prometheus Unbound (
      • Act 1
        Act 2
    • Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats
      from Hellas
      • Chorus (“Worlds on worlds are rolling ever”)
        Chorus (“The world’s great age begins anew”)
    • Mutability (“The flower that smiles to-day”)
      Stanzas, Written in Dejection—December 1818, near Naples
      Sonnet [Lift Not the Painted Veil]
      To Night
      To —— (“Music, when soft voices die”)
      The Mask of Anarchy
      Song to the Men of England
      England in 1819
      from A Defence of Poetry
      IN CONTEXT: The Peterloo Massacre
      • Robert Shorter, “The Bloody Field of Peterloo! A New Song”
        Anonymous, “A New Song”
        Hibernicus, “Stanzas Occasioned by the Manchester Massacre!”
        Anonymous, “The Peterloo Man”
        from Samuel Bamford, Passages in the Life of a Radical
        • Chapter 28
          Chapter 35
          from Chapter 36
          from Chapter 39
      • from John Tyas, “An Account of the Events Leading Up to the Massacre”
    • IN CONTEXT: Youth and Love
      • Letter to T.J. Hogg
        Letter to T.J. Hogg, 1811
        Letter to William Godwin, Keswick
    • IN CONTEXT: Shelley and Keats
      • from Letter to the Editor of the Quarterly Review, 1820
        Leigh Hunt on “Mr. Shelley’s New Poem Entitled Adonais
    • The Homes of England
      The Land of Dreams
      Evening Prayer at a Girls’ School
      Corinne at the Capitol
      The Effigies
      The Image in Lava
      Properzia Rossi
      Woman and Fame
    • On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer
      On the Grasshopper and Cricket
      Sleep and Poetry
      On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
      On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again
      When I Have Fears that I May Cease to Be
      Epistle to John Hamilton Reynolds
      To Homer
      The Eve of St. Agnes
      Bright Star
      La Belle Dame sans Merci
      La Belle Dame sans Mercy
      Incipit altera Sonneta
      Ode to Psyche
      Ode to a Nightingale
      Ode on a Grecian Urn
      Ode on Melancholy
      Ode on Indolence
      To Autumn
      The Fall of Hyperion, A Dream
      • Canto 1
        Canto 2
    • This Living Hand
      Selected Letters
      • To Benjamin Bailey, 22 November 1817
        To George and Thomas Keats, December 1817
        To John Hamilton Reynolds, 3 February 1818
        To John Taylor, 27 February 1818
        To Benjamin Bailey, 13 March 1818
        To Benjamin Bailey, 18 July 1818
        To Richard Woodhouse, 27 October 1818
        To George and Georgiana Keats, 14 February–3 May 1819
        To Fanny Brawne, 25 July 1819
        To Percy Bysshe Shelley, 16 August 1820
        To Charles Brown, 30 November 1820
    • IN CONTEXT: Politics, Poetry, and the “Cockney School Debate”
      • from Leigh Hunt, “Young Poets,” Examiner
        from John Lockhart (“Z.”), “On the Cockney School of Poetry, No. 1,”
        from John Lockhart (“Z.”), “On the Cockney School of Poetry, No. 4,”
    • IN CONTEXT: The Elgin Marbles (
      • Selected Photographs
        from William Hazlitt, “Sir Joshua Reynold’s Discourses”
        from William Hazlitt, “Report on the Select Committee of the House of Commons on the Elgin Marbles”
        from B.R. Haydon, “On the Judgement of Connoisseurs Being Preferred to that of Professional Men—Elgin Marbles etc.”
    • IN CONTEXT: The Death of Keats
      • Joseph Severn to Charles Brown
    • The Vampyre: A Tale
    • from The Last Man
      • Chapter 29
        Chapter 30
    • IN CONTEXT: The “Last Man” Theme in the Nineteenth Century
      • Thomas Campbell, “The Last Man,” New Monthly Magazine (1823)
        from Thomas Campbell’s letter to the editor of The Edinburgh Review, 28 February 1825
    • IN CONTEXT: Shelley’s Life and The Last Man
      • Selected Letters
        • To Thomas Jefferson Hogg, 6 March 1815
          To Thomas Jefferson Hogg, 25 April 1815
          To Maria Gisborne, 2 November 1818
          To Maria Gisborne, c. 3 December 1818
          To Maria Gisborne, 9 April 1819
          To Marianne Hunt, 29 June 1819
          To Maria Gisborne, 2 June 1822
          To Maria Gisborne, 15 August 1822
    • The Transformation (
      The Mortal Immortal
    • from Humphrey Davy, A Discourse, Introductory to a Course of Lectures on Chemistry
      Luddite Documents
      • Declaration, November 1811
        Letter to Mr. Kirby, Cotton Master at Candis his factory, Ancoates (1812)
        “General Justice,” Letter to Mr. Garside, 19 April 1812
    • Industrialization in Canada
      • from Quebec Mercury, 6 November 1809
        from Montreal Gazette, 6 November 1822
    • from The Times, London, Tuesday, 29 November 1814
      from Robert Owen, Observations on the Effects of the Manufacturing System
      from Thomas Babington Macaulay, A Review of Southey’s Colloquies
      from Fanny Kemble, Letter to H., 26 August 1830
      from Harriet Martineau, A Manchester Strike
      • from Chapter 1: The Week’s End
        from Chapter 5: No Progress Made
    • from Orestes Brownson, “The Laboring Classes”
      from George Ripley, Letter to Ralph Waldo Emerson, Boston, 9 November 1840


Reading Poetry


Monarchs and Prime Ministers of Great Britain

Glossary of Terms

Texts and Contexts: Chronological Chart (

Bibliography (

Permissions Acknowledgments

Index of First Lines

Index of Authors and Titles